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Apollo 11

Apollo 11

A film story based on the Apollo 11 mission to land on the moon led by commander Neil Armstrong and
pilots Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins.Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that first landed humans on the Moon. Commander Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin a lunar module pilot formed the crewof  American’s that landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on 20 ,July 1969, at UTC 20:17. Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface six hours and 39 minutes later on July 21 at 02:56 UTC; Aldrin joined him 19 minutes later. They spent almost about two and a quarter hours together outside of spacecraft, and they collected 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg) of lunar sand to bring back to Earth. Command module pilot Michael Collins flew the command module Columbia alone in lunar orbit while they were on the Moon’s surface.Aldrin and Armstrong spent 21 hours 31 minutes on the moon surface and name that site Tranquility Base before lifting off to rejoin Columbia in moon’s orbit.

Apollo 11 was launched by a rocket named Saturn V from Kennedy Space Center, Merritt Island, Florida, on 16 July at UTC 13:32, and it was the 5th mission crewed of NASA’s Apollo program. The Apollo spacecraft has three major part’s: a command module (CM) with a cabin speically made for only three astronauts, the only part that returned to Earth; a service module (SM), which supported the command module with propulsion,oxygen, electrical power, and water; and a lunar module (LM) that had two stages – a descent stage for landing on the lunar and an ascent stage to place the astronauts back into moon’s orbit.

After being sent to the lunar orbit by the Saturn V third stage, three astronauts separated their spacecraft from it and traveled for three days until they entered moon’s orbit. Armstrong and Aldrin then moved into Eagle and landed in the Sea of Tranquility on 20 July. The astronauts used Eagle ascent stage to lift off from the moon’s surface and rejoin Collins in the command module. They jettisoned Eagle before they performed the move that propelled Columbia out of the last of its 30 moon orbits onto a trajectory back to Earth. They returned to Earth and splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on 24 July after staying more than eight days in space.

Armstrong’s first step onto the moon’s surface was broadcast on live TV to a worldwide audience. He explain the event as “one single small step of [a] man, one giant victory for mankind.” Apollo 11 effectively ended the Space Race and complete a national goal proposed by President John F.Kennedy,”before the end of this decade, a man landed on the moon’s surface and take first step on lunar orbit’s after returned back safely to the Earth.

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the United States was engaged in the Cold War, a geo-political competition with the Soviet Union.On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite. This surprise success fired fear’s and imagination’s around the world. It demonstrated that the Soviet Union has capability to deliver nuclear weapons over inter-continental regions, and challenged American military claim’s, economic and technological superiority. This make the rise of Sputnik crisis, and triggered the Space Race. President Dwight D. Eisenhower responded to the Sputnik challenge by creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and initiating Project Mercury, which aimed to launch a man into Earth orbit.But on 12 April, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person of space race winner, and the first to orbit the Earth. It was another body blow to American pride. Nearly a month later, on May 5, 1961, Alan Shepardbecame the first American in space, completing a 15-minute suborbital journey. After being recovered from the Atlantic Ocean, he received phone calls from Eisenhower’s successor, John F. Kennedy to congratulate him.

Kennedy strongly believe that it was in the national interest of the United States to be superior to other nations, and that the good of American power was at least as important as the actuality. It was therefore not forgivable that the Soviet Union was more advanced in the field of space exploration. He was determined the United States should compete, and sought a challenge that maximized its chances of winning. Since the Soviet Union had heavy lift capacity launch vehicles, he required a challenge beyond the capacity of the existing generation of rockets—one where the US and Soviet Union would be starting from same position; something spectacular, even if it could not be justified on military, economic or scientific fields. After consulting with his experts and advisors, he chose such a project.

On 25 May, 1961, Kennedy talked by addressing the United States Congress on “Urgent National Needs” and declared:

I believe that this nation should commit itself to gaining the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the lunar surface and returning him safely to the Earth. No single space project in this period will be more precisely successful to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish. We propose to speedup the development of the appropriate moon space craft. We propose to develop alternate liquid and solid fuel boosters, much faster than currently fuel being developed, until certain which is superior. We propose additional funds for other engine development and for unmanned explorations – which are particularly important for one purpose which this nation will never understand until achieve: the survival of the man who first makes this daring flight. But in a very real sense, it will not be one man going to the Moon – if we think as nation sense, it will be an entire nation. For all of us must work to put him there.

— Kennedy’s speech to Congress

In spite of that, the proposed program faced the opposition of many Americans and was dubbed  Norbert Wiener a mathematician at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology called it “moondoggle” . Project Apollo is effort to land a man on the Moon .

An early and crucial decision was choosing galaxy orbit assignation over both direct ascent and Earth orbit assignation. A space assignation is an orbital measurement in which two spacecraft navigate through space and meet up. In July 1962 NASA head James Webb announced that lunar orbit rendezvous would be used and that the Apollo spacecraft would have three major parts: a command module (CM) with a cabin for the three astronauts, and the only part that returned back to Earth; a service module, which supported the command module with  electrical power, oxygen, and water; and a lunar module (LM) that had two stages – a descent stage for landing on Moon, and an ascent stage to return astronauts back into lunar orbit. This design meant the spacecraft could be launched by a single Saturn V rocket that was in the under development case.

Technologies,Machinery and techniques required for Project Apollo were developed by Project Gemini. Project Apollo was Rapidly stopped by the Apollo 1 fire on January 27, 1967, in which astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger B. Chaffee died, and the subsequent investigation. In October 1968, Apollo 7 evaluated the command module in Earth orbit, and in December Apollo 8 tested it in lunar orbit.In March 1969, Apollo 9 put the lunar module through its paces in Earth orbit, and in May Apollo 10 conducted a “technical run” in moon orbit. By July 1969, all was in preperation for Apollo 11 to take the final step to the Moon.

The Soviet Union challenging the US in the Space race, but its early tries was lost through repeated failures in making of the N1 launcher, which was beatable to the Saturn V in all regards.The Soviets tried to beat the US to return moon material to the Earth by means of uncrewed probes. On 13 July , only 3 days before Apollo 11’s launch’s, the Soviet Union rocket name Luna 15,launched , which reached moon orbit before Apollo 11. During descent, a malfunction caused Luna 15 to crash in rash Crisium about two hours before Armstrong and Aldrin took off from the Moon’s surface to begin their voyage home. The Nuffield Radio Astronomy Labs radio telescope records transmissions in England from Luna 15 during its descent, and these were released in July 2009 for the 40th anniversary of Apollo 11.

Apollo 11 is a 2019 American documentary film produced,directed and edited by Todd Douglas Miller. It focuses on the 1969 Apollo 11 mission, the first spaceflight from which men walked on the Moon. The film consists solely of archival footage, including 70 mm filmpreviously unreleased to the public, and does not feature narration, interviews or modern recreations. The rocket Saturn V , Apollo crew including Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong, and Michael Collins, and Apollo program Earth-based support staff are prominently featured in the film from real world.

The film released worldwide at the Sundance Film Festival on January 24, 2019, and was released theatrically in the United States by Neon on March 1, 2019. Apollo 11 has received fame from critics and grossed $11 million.

CNN Films reached director Todd Douglas Miller in 2016 to make a film for the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 landing. At that time, Miller was just completing The final Steps, a documentary about Apollo 17.Miller’s conception of the film was centered on a direct cinema approach. The final film was different from others containing no voice-over narration or interviews beyond what was available in the contemporary source material, similar to the 2010 documentary.

In May 2017, cooperation between Miller’s production team, NASA, and the National Archives and Records Administration resulted in the discovery of unreleased 70 mm footage from the launch and recovery of Apollo 11. The big footage includes scenes from Launch Complex 39, spectators present for the launch, the launch of rocket named Saturn V the recovery of astronauts Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong, and Michael Collins and the Apollo 11 command module, and post-mission efforts seperated the US Hornet. The documentary included footages with conventional footage from 35 and 16 mm film, still photography, and closed-circuit television footage.

Miller’s team used modern facilities of Final Frame, a post-production firm in New York City, to make high-resolution digital scans of all available footage. Specialized climate-controlled vans were used to safely transport the archival material to and from the National Archives in Washington, DC. The production team cataloged over 11,000 hours of audio recordings and uncountable hours of video. Among the audio recordings were 30 tracks of tapes of voice recordings at every Mission Control station. Ben Feist, a Canadian software engineer, wrote software that improve the fidelity of the newly available audio. British archivist and film editor Stephen Slater, who had sync audio recordings with 16 mm Mission Control footage in earlier projects, performed the task of synchronizing the audio and film. The production team was able to identify a song named “Mother Country”, sung by folk musician John Stewart, in Lunar Module voice recordings. The song was subsequently featured in the film.

Neon acquired worldwide distribution rights to the film in month of July 2018.

A 47-minute edit for exhibition in museum IMAX theaters

Apollo 11: First Steps Edition includes extended cut-format scenes that differ from the orignal full-length documentary.

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Duration: 93 min

IMDb: 8.3

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